A brief introduction on the history of the Long March
The long March was a heroic and epic journey undertaken by China’s workers' and peasants' Red Army between October 1934 and October 1936.
Threatened with annihilation by the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China) forces, the Red Army was determined to preserve their strength and head north.
Led by the Communist Party of China, 86,000 soldiers left their bases and embarked on one of the greatest military exploits in human history.
Facing all kinds of difficulties, the Red Army marched 12,500-kilometers across a dozen provinces.
They traversed surging rivers, climbed snow-capped mountains and struggled in deadly Marshlands. They broke through one blockade after another.
Pursued by hundreds of thousands of enemy troops, various forces of the Red Army eventually met up in the north region of China, from which they launched a new stage of the Chinese revolution.
This magnificent achievement by the workers' and peasants' Red Army is known in history as the long March.
Synopsis of the Opera LONG MARCH:
In October 1934, after the failure of the 5th counter-campaign against “encirclement and suppression” launched by the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China), the Red Army decides to retreat from Ruijin, capital of the Chinese Soviet Republic in South China’s Jiangxi Province.
After receiving the order of departure, Doctor HONG, the wife of Commissar PENG strongly proposes to stay to take care of the wounded, therefore the husband and wife separates from each other.
As the bugle signals the departure, the Red Army left Ruijin full of determination in the pursuit of their ideals, singing “Victory is upon us, and the Red Army will come back”.
During a deadly campaign at the Xiangjiang River, the Red Army loses heavily to its enemy.
The Red Army finally gains a chance for rest and reorganization at Zunyi City in South China’s Guizhou Province. A Meeting Announcement is proclaimed late in night, stating that Committee Member Mao Zedong has joined the central leadership, which marks a historic turning point in the Chinese revolution.
Following many episodes of encirclement, pursuit, obstruction and interception by the enemy, the soldiers finally win the battle at the Luding Bridge.
A young soldier named Pingyazi bravely samples the wild plants for his comrades, but is unfortunately poisoned. In the end, he gets lost in a swamp and dies a heroic death after singing the aria “I am so reluctant to leave you” in his last breath, expressing his great attachment to the Red Army.
After numerous difficulties and obstacles, various forces of the Red Army eventually meet up in North China’s Huining County. Commissar PENG receives the last letter written by his wife Doctor HONG before she was executed. This final letter significantly motivates the soldiers. The opera ends with the chorus "Long live the Long March".